Caffeine acts as a stimulant on the central nervous system, increasing your heart rate. This can be expected as soon as 15 minutes after ingesting.Caffeine has been shown to relax the esophagus, contributing to gastroesophageal reflux
A high salt intake increases calcium losses in the urine , some of which will be directly from the bones. One study found that for each 100mmol increase in salt intake, urinary Ca is increased by 1.4mmol. If this loss is assumed to be from the bone, then this equates to about 1% extra loss of bone each year. Over extended periods this would lead to the weakening of bones and ultimately osteoporosis.
Red meat and FV consumption were assessed through a self-administered questionnaire. We estimated HRs of all-cause, CVD, and cancer mortality according to quintiles of total red meat consumption